SEISMOLOGY AND GEOLOGY ›› 2011, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (3): 549-559.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2011.03.005

• Brief Report • Previous Articles     Next Articles


CHEN Mei-hua1, DENG Zhi-hui1, MA Xiao-jing1, TAO Jing-ling1, WANG Yu2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geology,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing 100029,China;
    2. Institute of Earthquake Science,China Earthquake Administration,Beijing,100036,China
  • Received:2011-05-31 Revised:2011-07-27 Online:2011-09-29 Published:2011-12-16


陈梅花1, 邓志辉1, 马晓静1, 陶京玲1, 王煜2   

  1. 1. 中国地震局地质研究所, 北京 100029;
    2. 中国地震局地震预测研究所, 北京 100036
  • 通讯作者: 邓志辉,研究员,E-mail:。
  • 作者简介:陈梅花,女,1976年生,2005年在中国地震局地质研究所获构造地质学博士学位,副研究员,现主要从事卫星遥感技术应用于地震预测的研究,电话: 010-62009082,E-mail:。
  • 基金资助:



The spatial-temporal variations of atmospheric water vapor in western Sichuan Province and its vicinity during the mid-and long-term earthquake preparation process are studied.The MS 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake in 2008,the Songpan-Pingwu earthquake sequence in 1976 and the Yushu MS 7.1 earthquake in 2010 are selected as cases of the study regions.The result shows the frequency of atmospheric water vapor anomalies will decrease at first, then increase quickly during the mid-and long-term process of strong earthquake.The decreasing of the frequency of atmospheric water vapor anomalies begins relatively early,mostly over 10 years before earthquake and will last more than 9 years,which is considered as mid-and long-term precursor.The rapid increase appears 4 years before earthquake,as a kind of mid-and short-term precursor.The frequency of atmospheric water vapor anomalies over epicentral region of Wenchuan earthquake began to decline slowly 18 years before the earthquake and continued for 15 years, then increased rapidly 2 years before the earthquake.The atmospheric water vapor anomalies in the epicenter area changed from lowest frequency to high frequency 1 year before the earthquake,then the event occurred.It continued to increase until 2009 then resumed to normal state.14 years before Songpan-Pingwu earthquake,the frequency of atmospheric water vapor anomalies over the epicenter region began declining and it continued for 9 years,and then increased 4 years before the event.The anomalies in the epicenter region changed from lowest frequency in 1971 to high frequency in 1973,and reached the highest in 1976,and then the main shock happened.After the earthquake,it resumed to normal state.Similarly to the above two cases,there had been atmospheric water vapor anomalies before the MS 7.1 Yushu earthquake in 2010,the frequency of anomalies declined from 1997 to 2008 when the lowest value was reached.It increased quickly in 2009 till the event occurred in 2010.The atmospheric water vapor anomalies over epicentral region may be due to the opening-closing movement of pores and fractures in the rock layer before the earthquake,resulting in the migration of underground fluid and underground heat energy,and then causing the change of the surface temperature and surface latent heat flux.During the mid-and long-term process of earthquake preparation,the rate of latent heat exchange decreases due to the reduction of the hot water vapor from underground caused by the closing of pore and fracture when the crustal rocks undergo compression deformation,so the frequency of atmospheric water vapor anomalies begins to decline.While during the mid-and short-term process of earthquake preparation,the accelerating of the crustal rocks deformation and the expanding of micro fractures will lead to increasing the hot water vapor from underground,accelerating the latent heat exchange,and quickly increasing the frequency of atmospheric water vapor anomalies.Analyses of the above three cases prove preliminarily that this assumption is reasonable.

Key words: earthquake anomaly, atmospheric water vapor, Wenchuan earthquake, Songpan-Pingwu earthquake sequence, Yushu earthquake


以川西及其邻近地区为例,研究了在强震孕育中长期阶段水汽含量的时空动态特征。通过对2008年汶川8.0级地震、1976年松潘强震群和2010年玉树7.1级地震的分析,发现在川西及其邻近地区的强地震孕育过程中,水汽含量异常频度会出现先下降,然后快速上升的现象。下降开始时间较早,出现在震前10a以上,持续9a以上,属中长期异常信息; 而快速上升则发生在震前4a内,属中短期异常表现。地震前水汽含量异常的原因可能是由于岩层中裂隙、孔隙的开合、地下流体的运动和地热能的变化,影响地面温度和潜热交换的分布所致。

关键词: 地震异常, 水汽含量, 汶川地震, 松潘震群, 玉树地震

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