Table of Content

    20 June 2018, Volume 40 Issue 3
    WANG Zhi-shuo, MA Xing-quan
    2018, 40(3):  511-522.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.001
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    As one of the rhombic blocks in North China, Kaifeng depression is on the south of the northern Huabei depression and in the north of the southern Huabei depression, bounded by Xinxiang-Shangqiu Fault and Zhengzhou-Kaifeng Fault, respectively. So far, the activity of Zhengzhou-Kaifeng Fault during Kainozoic era and the relationship between Zhengzhou-Kaifeng Fault and Xinxiang-Shangqiu Fault is still unknown. We interpreted several deep seismic profiles across Taikang uplift and Kaifeng depression on the basis of the strata sequence exposed by the 8 drill holes in the related area. The outcomes indicate that the Zhengzhou-Kaifeng Fault strikes EW on the whole, presenting undulating feature in plain, with a length about 154km. The profiles show the dip angle of the fault is steeper in the shallow than that in the deep, with an obvious "L-shaped" turning point. In Paleogene, the fault was a normal fault. In its hanging wall, the Kaifeng depression, there deposited hundreds of meters of Eogene. After middle Himalayan movement, Zhengzhou-Kaifeng Fault converted to a strike-slip fault, the dip angle became steeper, but the activity became weaker. The Zhengzhou-Kaifeng Fault ended its activity before Quaternary. As a response to the compression in the footwall caused by the sustained sinistral shearing, there developed a series of NW-trending, en echelon wide and gentle folds. Then, the activity in Kaifeng depression shifted to its north boundary.
    WANG Zhi-wei, WANG Xiao-long, MA Sheng-li, LEI Xing-lin, LIU Pei-xun
    2018, 40(3):  523-538.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.002
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    Based on the seismic data collected from regional permanent stations and 6 temporal stations, we analyzed the seismic activity from October 2008 to July 2011 in Rongchang area. On the basis of HypoDD relocated results, we used Match&Locate method to detect and located the micro-earthquakes. We obtained the focal mechanism solutions of some earthquakes with ML ≥ 3.5 by using CAP method. Then we analyzed the temporal-spatial distribution of earthquakes and discussed the characteristics of micro-seismicity before the ML5.1 earthquake occurring on September 10, 2010. We totally detected 3 354 micro-earthquake events, which are nearly 5 times of the earthquakes in the seismic catalog issued by China Earthquake Networks Center. The magnitude of the detected events is mostly from ML-1 to 1, and the focal depth is from 2 to 4km. The magnitude-frequency analysis shows that the catalog completeness is obviously improved after adding the detected earthquakes, with the lowest magnitude decreasing from ML1.0 to 0.3. The earthquakes hypocenters are mainly clustered along faults or buried faults and in a dominant depth range consistent with the depth of injection wells, and also show a tendency of lateral extension from injection wells. The focal mechanism solutions of 9 earthquakes of ML ≥ 3.5 presented reverse faulting, as the same as the preexisting faults, indicating that earthquakes were surely related to reactivation of the faults. The strike, dip and rate of the causative faults separated in wide ranges, which indicates not only obvious changes in structure and strike of preexisting faults but also the effect of increasing pore pressure on the local stress field. Before the ML5.1 earthquake on September 10 of 2010, seismicity firstly showed clustering in time and covered the most part of the seismogenic fault in space. Then an obvious seismic quiescence occurred and lasted about 3 months. The phenomenon is consistent with the mechanism of creep sliding and resistance-uniformization along the fault zone, suggested on the basis of laboratory experiments, and it may be one of patterns of sub-instability along fault zone. However, such explanation needs to be further confirmed.
    ZHOU Bin, WEN Xiang, YUAN Yong-dong
    2018, 40(3):  539-551.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.003
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    Based on the mobile gravity observation data in 2014-2016 in Guangxi and its adjacent areas, this paper systematically analyzed the changes of regional gravity field and its relation to the MS5.4 Cangwu, Guangxi earthquake on July 31, 2016, and combined with GPS observation data and seismic geological survey results, discussed the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of the changes of regional gravity field and its mechanism. The results show that:(1) Before and after the MS5.4 Cangwu earthquake, the gravity anomaly changes near the earthquake area were closely related to the major faults in space, which reflects the crustal deformation and tectonic activities that caused the surface gravity change along the seismogenic fault in the period of 2014-2016; (2) The gravity changes near the epicenter before and after the MS5.4 Cangwu earthquake showed an evolution process in which the positive gravity anomaly zone changed to the negative gravity anomaly zone, a gravity gradient belt appeared along NNE direction and the earthquake occurred in its reverse change process; (3) The epicenter of the MS5.4 Cangwu earthquake located both near the gravity gradient belt and in the zero transition zone of the surface strain gradient and the edge of the high maximum shear strain rate area, the observational fact further proved that the dynamic image of gravitational field and deformation field have important instruction significance to the location prediction of strong earthquakes; (4) in recent years, the gravity dynamic change in northwestern Guangxi presented a four-quadrant distribution pattern, and there is the risk of generating earthquake of magnitude about 5 in the center of the quadrants.
    ZHAO Ling-qiang, ZHAN Yan, WANG Qing-liang, SUN Xiang-yu, YANG Hao, CHEN Xiao-bin
    2018, 40(3):  552-565.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.004
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    On 31 July 1954, an MS7.0 earthquake occurred southeast of Minqin, Gansu Province, northwestern China. Its epicenter was located at the edge of the Alxa block, subject to northeastward compression of the Tibetan plateau, resulting in active tectonics there. Because of few records and field investigations, the seismogenic fault and tectonic setting of this event remain unclear. To probe the deep structure of this region, magnetotelluric (MT) measurements have been carried out near the epicenter, and new data of 28 sites were collected. Using the methods including the remote reference, "robust" and phase tensor decomposition, these MT data were processed, followed by NLCG two-dimensional inversion of the data to reveal the deep electrical structure of the study area. Combining with previous studies, geologic interpretation of the MT survey suggests that the Minqin earthquake of 1954 may be related to the Hongyashan-Sidaoshan Fault, which is a high-angle thrust with left-slip component. It lies between the Tibetan plateau and the Alxa block, where substantial elastic strain has accumulated due to the northeastward extrusion of the plateau, leading to occurrences of several earthquakes greater than MS5.0 in the history. Our electrical structure derived from the MT survey supports the following tectonic interpretations:The Tibetan plateau expands to the northeast in a flower-like style while the Alxa block subducts to southwest in a listric-shaped manner, which forms the northeastward growth pattern of the Tibetan plateau. The forefront of the plateau expansion is around the Hongyashan-Sidaoshan Fault, indicating that the extension of the plateau has surpassed the Hexi Corridor to the southern margin of the Alxa block. The deformation nearby the Hongyashan-Sidaoshan Fault could be linked to the northeastward propagating extrusion of the Tibetan plateau as a far-field dynamic effect of the India-Eurasia collision. The Tibetan plateau is continuing to grow northeastward, resulting in folds and thrusts in the Hexi Corridor, and even farther to the southern margin of the Alxa block.
    LIU Jian-ming, WANG Qiong, LI Jin, WU Chuan-yong, ZHAO Bin-bin, KONG Xiang-yan
    2018, 40(3):  566-578.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.005
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    Based on the digital waveforms of Xinjiang Seismic Network, the Hutubi MS6.2 earthquake sequence (ML ≥ 1.0) was relocated precisely by HypoDD.The best double-couple focal mechanisms of the main shock and aftershocks of ML ≥ 4.0 were determined by the CAP method. We analyzed the characteristics of spatial distribution, focal mechanisms and the seismogenic structure of earthquake sequence. The results show that the main shock is located at 43.775 9°N, 86.363 4°E; the depth of the initial rupture and centriod is about 15.388km and 17km. The earthquake sequence extends unilaterally along NWW direction with an extension length of about 15km and a depth ranging 5~15km. The characteristics of the depth profiles show that the seismogenic fault plane dips northward and the faulting is dominated by thrusting. The nodal planes parameters of the best double-couple focal mechanisms are:strike 292°, dip 62° and rake 80° for nodal plane I, and strike 132°, dip 30° and rake 108° for nodal plane Ⅱ, indicating that the main shock is of thrust faulting. The dip of nodal planeⅠis consistent with the dip of the depth profile, which is inferred to be the fault plane of seismogenic fault of this earthquake. According to the comprehensive analysis of the relocation results, the focal mechanism and geological structure in the source region, it is preliminarily inferred that the seismogenic structure of the Hutubi MS6.2 earthquake may be a backthrust on the deeper concealed thrust slope at the south of Qigu anticline. The earthquake is a "folding" earthquake taking place under the stress field of Tianshan expanding towards the Junggar Basin.
    SHI Feng, HE Hong-lin, ZHOU Ben-gang, WEI Zhan-yu, BI Li-si
    2018, 40(3):  579-589.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.006
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    Tsunami is one of the most devastating natural coastal disasters. Most of large tsunamis are generated by submarine earthquakes occurring in subduction zones. Tsunamis can also be triggered by volcano eruptions and large landslides. There are many records about "sea-overflow" in Chinese ancient books, which are not proved to be tsunamis. Tectonics and historical records analysis are import to forecast and prevention of tsunami. Consider the tectonic environment of the China sea, the possibility of huge damage caused by the offshore tsunami is very small. And the impact of the ocean tsunami on the Bohai sea, the Yellow sea, and the East China sea is also small. But in the South China Sea, the Manila subduction zone has been identified as a high hazardous tsunamigenic earthquake source region. No earthquake larger than MW7.6 has been recorded in the past 100a in this region, suggesting a high probability for larger earthquakes in the future. If a tsunamigenic earthquake were to occur in this region in the near future, a tragedy with the magnitude similar to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami could repeat itself. In this paper, based on tectonics and historical records analysis, we have demonstrated that potential for a strong future earthquake along the Manila subduction zone is real. Using a numerical model, we have also shown that most countries in the South China Sea will be affected by the tsunamis generated by the future earthquake. For China, it implies that the maximum wave height over 4.0 meter on China mainland, especially the Pearl River Estuary. But the island, local relief maybe influence the maximum wave. But it takes nearly 3 hours to attack China mainland, if there is the operational tsunami warning system in place in this region, should be greatly reduced losses. And the simulated results are conformable to historical records. It indicates that the tsunami hazards from Manila trench to China mainland worthy of our attention and prevention.
    HAN Jiang-tao, WANG Tian-qi, LIU Wen-yu, LIU Guo-xing, HAN Song, LIU Li-jia
    2018, 40(3):  590-610.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.007
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    The Aershan volcanic group has been active since the Pleistocene to the modern and has potential to erupt, so it is of great significance to strengthen the study on the Aershan volcano group and evaluate its activity. The magmatism is characterized by low resistivity in electrical properties. The electrical structure obtained by magnetotelluric sounding can be used to study the magmatic occurrence and volcanic activity. It is an effective method to detect the deep structure of volcanic area. Based on the magnetotelluric sounding data of the Aershan volcanic group, the two-dimensional nonlinear conjugate gradient inversion is obtained after the normalization of the data and the two-dimensional electrical structure of the Aershan volcanic group is obtained. It is found that there is a large-scale "arch-bridge" low-resistivity anomaly (resistivity less than 320Ω·m) and there are obvious high-conductivity anomalies (resistivity less than 40Ω·m) respectively on the west of the town of Ershi and the east of Chaihe town, the former is relatively small in sizes, buried at the depth of 40~60km, and the size of the latter is larger, buried at the depth of 60~90km, or even deeper. Combined with geological and geochemical data, it is inferred that the "arch bridge" anomaly is the channel of the basaltic magma transport from the epithermal basins on its both sides. The two high-conductivity anomalies it contains are probably the uncondensed or gathering magma chamber, so the Aershan magma system consists of "arch bridge" channel and asthenosphere-derived basaltic magma, the volcanic group has a unified magmatic system. Further analysis shows that the melting percentage of the "arch bridge" channel material is not less than 0.5%, and the lithosphere structure tends to be stable. The melting degree of the two magma chambers it contains is 2.5%~11.5%, and the grain boundary may all be wetted by the melt, rock flow intensity is relatively low, lithosphere structural stability is poor. In addition, the regional seismic distribution and the formation of hot springs also have a certain correlation to the Aershan volcanic group magma system. There are indications that the Aershan volcano group is in dormancy, rather than an extinct volcano, there is the possibility of eruption, so it should be closely monitored.
    NIE Gao-zhong, XU Jing-hai
    2018, 40(3):  611-621.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.008
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    China is the country with the challenge of severe earthquake disaster. In order to mitigate the disaster and save lives, emergency response and rescue work after an earthquake are deployed and led by the Chinese governments at all level, the effectiveness of which has been proved. In such work, how to quickly evaluate the seismic intensity in meizoseismal area is a crucial issue at the early period after the earthquake. It is the foundation to estimate the disaster losses and decide the scale of rescue teams and materials. However, at the early period only a few physical parameters of the earthquake can be acquired and some of them may even be inaccurate.
    An evaluation model of seismic intensity in meizoseismal area is investigated and presented by statistic method in this study. After an earthquake there are four authoritative parameters officially released by China Earthquake Administration generally within ten minutes:earthquake magnitude (MS), focal depth, latitude and longitude position, and the occurrence time. They are good candidate input parameters of the evaluation model. We collect the information of 215 historical earthquake occurring in China from 1966 to 2013, including:The four parameters and the seismic intensity in meizoseismal area. Through statistical analysis we find the seismic intensity in meizoseismal area has high correlation with the earthquake magnitude (MS) and the focal depth and then select them as the formal input parameters. After further investigation a generalized linear model is built to fit the relationship between the seismic intensity in meizoseismal area, earthquake magnitude (MS) and the focal depth.
    The effectiveness of the model is validated by the Sig value and F value from theoretic perspective. The validation also includes the application of the model in real earthquakes occurring from 2014 to 2017. After the earthquakes, the seismic intensities in meizoseismal area have been quickly estimated and used in the command of national earthquake disaster emergency relief. The applications in real earthquakes get good results.
    Finally, the robustness of the model is analyzed. We respectively verify the influences of the earthquake magnitude (MS) and the focal depth and find the seismic intensity in meizoseismal area is more sensitive to the earthquake magnitude. Under the condition of the same focal depth, when the change of the earthquake magnitude is up to 0.5, the change of the seismic intensity will reach to 1. However, in order to cause same change of the seismic intensity, the difference of the focal depth will be 10 kilometers. Basically, these changes derived from the model meet the situation of historical earthquakes.
    DING Rui, REN Jun-jie, ZHANG Shi-min, LÜ Yan-wu, LIU Han-yong
    2018, 40(3):  622-640.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.009
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    More attention has been paid to the late Quaternary activity of the boundary fault of the Sichuan-Yunnan block in eastern Tibet. The Lijiang-Xiaojinhe Fault (LXF) locates along the boundary of the northwest Sichuan and central Yunnan sub-blocks in the Sichuan-Yunnan block. Clear displaced landforms show that the fault has undergone strong late-Quaternary activity. However there is no surface-rupturing earthquake occurring on the LXF in the historical record. The LXF crosses the city of Lijiang, one of the most important tourist cities in Southwest China. The rupture behavior on this fault remains unclear and it is hard to assess its seismic hazard in the future. In this study, on the base of the interpretation of high-resolution satellite imagery, we chose the middle segment of the LXF and dug three trenches at Muzhuda, Hongxing, and Gantangzi sites to constrain the ages of paleoearthquakes combined with radiocarbon dating and OxCal modeling. The Muzhuda trench shows that at least three events occurred on the middle segment of the LXF at 7 940~6 540a BP, 4 740~4 050a BP and 1 830~420a BP, respectively. The Hongxing trench indicates that the LXF underwent two events at 5 120~3 200a BP and 2 100~1 220a BP. The Gantangzi trench reveals at least three paleoearthquakes at 44 980~17 660a BP, 7 210~3 810a BP and 2 540~1 540a BP, respectively. The events in the Gantangzi trench might be incomplete because of stratigraphic gap. These three trenches indicate that three events occurred on the middle segment of the LXF in the Holocene at 7 940~7 210a BP, 4 740~4 050a BP and 1 830~1 540a BP, respectively. Large earthquakes on the middle segment of the LXF appear to fit the quasi-periodic model with the mean recurrence interval of~3 000a and the estimated magnitude 7.5. Given the strong late-Quaternary activity of the middle segment of the LXF and a long elapsed time, we propose that the middle segment of the LXF might have a high seismic hazard potential in the near future.
    ZHOU Yao-ming, ZHU Wen-bin, CHEN Zheng-le, ZHU Bing-yu, XUE Feng
    2018, 40(3):  641-655.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.010
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    This paper firstly discusses the feasibility of delineating the volcanic rocks distribution by gravitational and magnetic methods on the basis of the statistical results of the magnetic susceptibility and density of the different lithologies in the study area. After the separation of gravitational and magnetic fields by bandpass filter, we determined the residual gravitational and magnetic anomalies caused by volcanic rocks. The results of potential field separation show that the residual anomalies are in beaded NE-directed distribution. In the meantime, the boundary enhancement techniques such as horizontal total gradient and vertical derivative are employed to delineate the distribution of the faults, as the result, fifteen faults including four NE-striking main faults which appear as an arc protruding to the southeast and other secondary faults are distinguished. Furthermore, two fault systems with deep and superficial attribution are revealed from the inversed section of the telluric electromagnetic sounding, and their properties, characteristics and roles in the volcanic activity are fully discussed by combining with the tectonic background. Based on the comprehensive analysis of the correlation between the distribution characteristics of the residual gravitational and magnetic anomalies and the location of the faults, three volcanic activity zones are reasonably delineated. Finally, we carry out the inversion of apparent density by taking advantage of the residual gravitational anomalies and acquire the apparent density anomalies of the top part of Paleozoic. Integrated with the apparent density anomalies, the lithologies exposed from the boreholes, the observed density data of different rocks and the residual gravitational-magnetic anomalies, we elaborately delineate the lithologies of the top of Paleozoic and further define the distribution range and the lithology combination of Kekesayi group of Middle Ordovician, Tailegula group of Lower Carboniferous and Jiamuhe group of Lower Permian.
    LI Zhi-min, SU Peng, HUANG Shuai-tang, TIAN Qin-jian, YIN Xiang
    2018, 40(3):  656-671.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.011
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    The Riyue Mt. Fault is a secondary fault controlled by the major regional boundary faults (East Kunlun Fault and Qilian-Haiyuan Fault). It lies in the interior of Qaidam-Qilianshan block and between the major regional boundary faults. The Riyue Mt. fault zone locates in the special tectonic setting which can provide some evidences for recent activity of outward extension of NE Tibetan plateau, so it is of significance to determine the activity of Riyue Mt. Fault since late Pleistocene to Holocene. In this paper, we have obtained some findings along the Dezhou segment of Riyue Mt. Fault by interpreting the piedmont alluvial fans, measuring fault scarps, and excavating trenches across the fault scarp. The findings are as follows:(1) Since the late Pleistocene, there are an alluvial fan fp and three river terraces T1-T3 formed on the Dezhou segment. The abandonment age of fp is approximately (21.2±0.6) ka, and that of the river terrace T2 is (12.4±0.11) ka. (2) Since the late Pleistocene, the dextral strike-slip rate of the Riyue Mt. Fault is (2.41±0.25) mm/a. In the Holocene, the dextral strike-slip rate of the fault is (2.18±0.40) mm/a, and its vertical displacement rate is (0.24±0.16) mm/a. This result indicates that the dextral strike-slip rate of the Riyue Mt. Fault has not changed since the late Pleistocene. It is believed that, as one of the dextral strikeslip faults, sandwiched between the the regional big left-lateral strike-slip faults, the Riyue Mt. Fault didn't cut the boundary zone of the large block. What's more, the dextral strike-slip faults play an important role in the coordination of deformation between the sub-blocks during the long term growth and expansion of the northeast Tibetan plateau.
    FU Bo, LI Zhi-qiang, CHEN Jie, FAN Xi-wei, LI Xiao-li, LI Tao, YAO Yuan, LIU Yao-hui
    2018, 40(3):  672-684.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.012
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    In order to complete the field investigation to the 25 November 2016 Arketao MW6.6 earthquake, ultra-low altitude remote-sensing data were obtained from miniature unmanned aerial vehicle. The surface rupture surveying has important significance for earthquake research. This paper selects the macro-epicenter of Arketao as the study area. The pictures were obtained with DJI Phantom 3 professional input into the software, the Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Digital Orthophoto Map (DOM) were acquired based on photogrammetry method using the overlapped optical remote-sensing images of UAV. Using these data, we can identify surface ruptures that have vertical dislocation.
    We selected six feature points and drew the elevation profile. In the elevation profile map, we chose smooth part of the surface rupture sides and obtained the trend line. A stable point in the surface rupture was selected and the abscissa of the point was taken into the equation of two straight lines. Then subtracting the results of the two equations, we can get the vertical dislocation of the surface rupture. On this basis, we chose six feature points and determined their vertical dislocation, which are between 4.4cm and 10.4cm. What's more, taking Bulungkou Xiang in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region for example, we speculated some surface ruptures that have vertical dislocation. It can provide a new method for identifying surface rupture in the field.
    In addition, we get DEM data of the Bulunkou area where ambient conditions are very poor, by using miniature unmanned aerial vehicle and taking 255 photos. Putting those photos into the EasyUAV software, we got the area digital elevation of 2cm resolution. Comparing these data with RTK data, we summarized some practical problems and solutions in the practical operation and evaluated the accuracy of miniature unmanned aerial vehicle data. The Pearson Correlation Coefficient is 0.996 6. In terms of absolute elevation, the average result of UAV and RTK differs by 156.96m. In terms of relative elevation, the average result of UAV and RTK differs by 9.74m. Compared with the previous test of Pishan County, there is a notable divergence in the results. It shows that the data accuracy will be affected to some extent in the cold weather in high elevations. The specific impact needs further exploration.
    HAN Xiao-ming, ZHANG Fan, CHEN Li-feng, LI Juan, HU Bo
    2018, 40(3):  685-697.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.013
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    On two velocity models, the HypoDD method is used to accurately locate the Tongliao M5.3 earthquake sequence, then the CAP method is used to invert the focal mechanism solutions. The parameters of the seismogenic fault plane are fitted quantitatively by the small earthquake distribution and the regional stress field. The geometry, rupture features and possible seismogenic structure of the Tongliao M5.3 earthquake are comprehensively determined. The HypoDD relocation results show that this earthquake is located at 42.95°N, 122.37°E, the whole sequence trends in NW and major aftershocks (ML ≥ 3.0) strike in NEE direction. With the time elapsed, the aftershocks extended to the shallow crust gradually. Comparing the focal mechanism solutions and relocation results, we determine that the fitted causative fault based on NNW-trending aftershock distribution is reliable, which has the top left corner (43.00°N, 122.35°E, depth 3.3km), lower left corner (43.00°N, 122.35°E, depth 8.9km), upper right corner (42.92°N, 122.37°E, depth 3.3km), lower right corner (42.92°N, 122.37°E, depth 8.9km), extending range 3km×7km, trending in 349° (NNW), dip angle 86° (nearly vertical), and slip angle 15°. It is inferred that whole process of main shock rupture is from the source to the NW and SE sides as a shear. The rupture degree is larger in southeast where the late rupture concentrated, and did not reach the surface.
    YIN De-yu, LIU Qi-fang, LIU Chang, JI Xin-yang
    2018, 40(3):  698-717.  DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2018.03.014
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    Based on the extensive near field broadband strong-motion records with uniform azimuthal coverage and coseismic displacements, the rupture process of 2008 Wenchuan earthquake is inversed by the non-negative least square method and multiple-time window technique. The possible rupture sequence among southern Beichuan Fault, Pengguan Fault and Xiaoyudong Fault and the initial rupture time of high dip angle part of southern Beichuan Fault are analyzed from kinetic aspects, which have been seldom focused on. The results indicate that:(1) The near field waveform fitting residuals and the coseismic displacements show that only a bilateral rupture occurs on the intersection between the southern Beichuan Fault and Xiaoyudong Fault can the synthetic records of the stations located near the southwestern end of the Beichuan Fault conform to the observed ones, and meanwhile, the Pengguan fault cannot generate large slips on its southwestern part. The possible rupture sequence is that the earthquake started at the low dip angle part of Beichuan Fault and propagates to the Pengguan Fault in the shallow area, the Xiaoyudong Fault is triggered by the Pengguan Fault, and then producing bilateral rupture on the high dip angle part of Beichuan Fault at the intersection with the Xiaoyudong Fault. (2) Through analysis of the synthetic second packet records of stations at the southwest area of the fault, we obtain the initial rupture time on the high dip angle part of Beichuan Fault may have a 8s stagnation. In terms of timing, there may be rupture sequence between the southern Beichuan Fault and Pengguan Fault which are parallel to each other. The rupture of the southern shallow part of Beichuan Fault with high dip angle may lag behind the Pengguan Fault. At the same time, there may be a multipoint rupture in the southern section of the Beichuan Fault. (3) There is a good correspondence between the area on the fault with larger slip rate and the surrounding stations with larger PGV. In areas where slip rate on the fault plane is large, the stations tend to have larger peak ground velocities.