SEISMOLOGY AND GEOLOGY ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 547-561.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2020.03.001

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LIANG Shan-shan1), XU Zhi-guo2, 3), SHENG Shu-zhong4), ZHANG Guang-wei5), ZHAO-Bo1), ZOU Li-ye3)   

  1. 1)China Earthquake Networks Center, Beijing 100045, China;
    2)Key Laboratory of Computational Geodynamics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3)National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, Beijing 100081, China;
    4)School of Geophysics and Measurement-control Technology, East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China;
    5)National Institute of Natural Hazards of China, MEMC, Beijing 100085, China
  • Received:2019-07-04 Revised:2020-03-16 Online:2020-06-20 Published:2020-09-10


梁姗姗1), 徐志国2, 3, )*, 盛书中4), 张广伟5), 赵博1), 邹立晔1)   

  1. 1)中国地震台网中心, 北京 100045;
    2)中国科学院大学, 计算地球动力学重点实验室, 北京 100049;
    3)国家海洋环境预报中心, 北京 100081;
    4)东华理工大学, 地球物理与测控技术学院, 南昌 330013;
    5)应急管理部国家自然灾害防治研究院, 北京 100085
  • 通讯作者: *, 徐志国, 男, 1979年生, 现为中国科学院大学地球动力学专业在读博士研究生, 高级工程师, E-mail:。
  • 作者简介:梁姗姗, 女, 1989年生, 工程师, 现主要研究方向地震定位和震源机制反演, 电话: 010-59959377, E-mail:。
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: A MS6.0 earthquake with shallow focal depth of 16km struck Changning County, Yibin City, Sichuan Province at 22:55: 43(Beijing Time)on 17 June 2019. Although the magnitude of the earthquake is moderate, it caused heavy casualties and property losses to Changning County and its surrounding areas. In the following week, a series of aftershocks with MS≥4.0 occurred in the epicentral area successively. In order to better understand and analyze the seismotectonic structure and generation mechanism of these earthquakes, in this paper, absolute earthquake location by HYPOINVERSE 2000 method is conducted to relocate the main shock of MS6.0 in Changning using the seismic phase observation data provided by Sichuan Earthquake Administration, and focal mechanism solutions for Changning MS6.0 main shock and MS≥4.0 aftershocks are inferred using the gCAP method with the local and regional broadband station waveforms recorded by the regional seismic networks of Sichuan Province, Yunnan Province, Chongqing Municipality, and Guizhou Province. The absolute relocation results show that the epicenter of the main shock is located at 28.35°N, 104.88°E, and it occurred at an unusual shallow depth about only 6.98km, which could be one of the most significant reasons for the heavier damage in the Changning and adjoining areas. The focal plane solution of the Changning MS6.0 earthquake indicates that the main shock occurred at a thrust fault with a left-lateral strike-slip component. The full moment tensor solution provided by gCAP shows that it contains a certain percentage of non-double couple components. After the occurrence of the main shock, a series of medium and strong aftershocks with MS≥4.0 occurred continuously along the northwestern direction, the fault plane solutions for those aftershocks show mostly strike-slip and thrust fault-type. It is found that the mode of focal mechanism has an obvious characteristic of segmentation in space, which reflects the complexity of the dislocation process of the seismogenic fault. It also shows that the Changning earthquake sequences occurred in the shallow part of the upper crust. Combining with the results from the seismic sounding profile in Changning anticline, which is the main structure in the focal area, this study finds that the existence of several steep secondary faults in the core of Changning anticline is an important reason for the diversity of focal mechanism of aftershock sequences. The characteristics of regional stress field is estimated using the STRESSINVERSE method by the information of focal mechanism solutions from our study, and the results show that the Changning area is subject to a NEE oriented maximum principal stress field with a very shallow dipping and near-vertical minimum principal stress, which is not associated with the results derived from other stress indicators. Compared with the direction of the maximum principal compressive stress axis in the whole region, the direction of the stress field in the focal area rotates from the NWW direction to the NEE direction. The Changning MS6.0 earthquake locates in the area with complex geological structure, where there are a large number of small staggered fault zones with unstable geological structure. Combining with the direction of aftershocks distribution in Changning area, we infer that the Changning MS6.0 earthquake is generated by rupturing of the pre-existing fault in the Changning anticline under the action of the overall large stress field, and the seismogenic fault is a high dip-angle thrust fault with left-lateral strike-slip component, trending NW.

Key words: Changning earthquake, earthquake location, focal mechanism solution, stress field inversion, Changning anticline, pre-existing fault

摘要: 北京时间2019年6月17日22时55分43秒, 四川省宜宾市长宁县发生MS6.0地震, 震源深度16km。 为了更好地了解此次地震的发震构造, 文中利用四川省地震局提供的震相观测报告资料, 采用HYPOINVERSE 2000方法对四川长宁MS6.0主震进行重定位, 并使用四川、 云南、 重庆和贵州区域地震台网的波形资料, 采用gCAP方法反演了2019年6月17日长宁MS6.0地震序列主震的双力偶机制解、 全矩张量解以及中强余震序列(MS≥4.0)事件的双力偶机制解。 重定位结果显示, 此次地震的主震位置为(28.35°N, 104.88°E), 震源深度为6.98km, 为极浅源地震。 震源机制结果表明, 长宁MS6.0主震的发震断裂主要为逆断兼左旋走滑性质, 且全矩张量解显示其含有一定比例的非双力偶成分。 主震发生后, 连续发生的中强余震序列表现为走滑和逆冲型断层机制, 发震类型在空间上呈现分段差异分布的特征, 反映了发震断层错动过程的复杂性。 基于震源机制解确定的震源区域应力场方向与整体区域的构造应力场相比存在较大差异, 说明整体区域构造主压应力轴方向由长宁地震前的NWW向变为震后的NEE向。 综合长宁地区的区域构造地质特征和余震展布方向分析认为, 此次长宁MS6.0地震是在背景应力场作用下, 长宁背斜上的先存断裂破裂引起滑动而引发的, 发震断层为NW走向的高倾角逆冲兼左旋走滑趋势断层。

关键词: 长宁地震, 地震定位, 震源机制解, 应力场反演, 长宁背斜, 先存断裂

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