SEISMOLOGY AND GEOLOGY ›› 1999, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (4): 377-386.

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Liu Liqiang1, Ma Shengli1, Ma Jin1, Lei Xinglin2, Kusunose K2, Nishizawa O2, Jouniaux L3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geology, China Seismological Bureau, Beijing 100029;
    2. Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba, Japan;
    3. Laboratoire de Geologie & CNRS URA 1316, Paris, France
  • Received:1998-10-31 Revised:1999-02-28 Online:1999-12-08 Published:2009-11-25


刘力强1, 马胜利1, 马瑾1, 雷兴林2, 楠濑勤一郎2, 西泽修2, Jouniaux L3   

  1. 1. 中国地震局地质研究所 北京 100029;
    2. 日本地质调查所 日本筑波;
    3. Laboratoire de Geologie & CNRS URA 1316, Paris, France
  • 基金资助:

Abstract: A comparative study on acoustic emission during deformation of two kinds of granites with different structures under triaxial compression is performed by using a new acoustic emission recording system with fullwaveform record and broaddynamic range. One is Inada aplitegranite of homogeneous structure from Japan and the other is Mayet granite with cemented natural joints from France. For the former granite, acoustic emission events are dispersed randomly and there is no clearly clustering along the major fracture. For the latter granite, acoustic emission events are mainly concentrated nearby the joint. Acoustic emission events occur synchronously with the volumetric dilatation in the former one but far earlier than the volumetric dilatation in the latter one. The two kinds of granite are also clearly different in the frequency spectrum of acoustic emission. The former has narrower frequency band and more highfrequency component, while the latter has wider frequency band and generally lower frequency spectrum. In frequencyenergy relation, the number of acoustic emission events in the former shows a welllinear progressive relation from highenergy level to lowenergy level and it shows an apparent intermittent or nonlinear variation in the middlehigh energy interval, with higher proportion of large events. It indicates that the rock structure has an apparent controlling role in the basic statistic characteristics of acoustic emission events. The cause for the phenomena may be that the different rock structures result in different deformation modes and processes.

Key words: Acoustic emission, Triaxial compression test, Dilatancy, Rock structure

摘要: 利用一套最新型的全波形、宽动态声发射观测系统,对两种不同构造的花岗岩在三轴压缩变形实验中的声发射活动进行了对比研究。二者在声发射空间分布,声发射与体积扩容的对应关系,声发射频谱特征及频度能级统计参数等方面均有明显差异。这表明,岩石构造对声发射的基本统计特征有显着的控制作用。其原因在于岩石构造的差异造成变形方式和变形过程的不同。

关键词: 声发射, 三轴压缩实验, 扩容, 岩石构造