SEISMOLOGY AND GEOLOGY ›› 2023, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (2): 321-337.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2023.02.002

Previous Articles     Next Articles


LIU Qing1)(), LIU Shao2), ZHANG Shi-min1),*()   

  1. 1)National Institute of Natural Hazards, MEMC, Beijing 100085, China
    2)Sichuan Earthquake Agency, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Revised:2022-08-22 Online:2023-04-20 Published:2023-05-18


刘庆1)(), 刘韶2), 张世民1),*()   

  1. 1)应急管理部国家自然灾害防治研究院, 北京 100085
    2)四川省地震局, 成都 610041
  • 通讯作者: *张世民, 男, 1965年生, 正研级高级工程师, 主要从事活动构造研究, E-mail:
  • 作者简介:刘庆, 男, 1995年生, 2022年于应急管理部国家自然灾害防治研究院获地球物理学专业硕士学位, 助理工程师, 主要从事活动构造等方面研究, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


The Xianshuihe-Xiaojiang fault system(XXFS)is a strongly active left-lateral strike-slip fault zone on the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. It controls the eastern boundary of the Sichuan-Yunnan block, Which is one of the most active tectonic zones in the north-south seismic belts. There have been 36 destructive earthquakes since 1327AD. The historical strong earthquakes in the middle section of the XXFS fault system are mainly distributed along Anning River faults and Zemu River faults, such as M7.0 in 814AD, M71/2 in 1536AD, M63/4 in 1732AD, M71/2 in 1850AD and M63/4 earthquakes in 1952AD. However, as an important part of the middle of XXFS, the Daliangshan fault zone only recorded a magnitude of M51/2 in 1480AD, and there was a lack of earthquake records above a magnitude of 6 which may be due to the quiet period of earthquakes, or the location of remote mountainous areas where historical records are missing. The paleoseismic study revealed that there were surface rupture events along the Butuo and Jiaojihe faults in the southern section of the Daliangshan fault zone in 970-1510AD and 1310-1660AD respectively, with a magnitude of not less than 6.5; Along the Puxiong fault in the middle section of the Daliangshan fault zone, there was a surface rupture event in 927-1360AD, with a magnitude of not less than 7.0. However, there are no corresponding historical records of the earthquakes in these three historical periods, indicating that strong historic earthquakes in the Daliangshan fault zone may be missing.

The Yuexi fault is the only branch fault in the Daliangshan fault zone dominated by thrust slip. The fault spreads in an arc shape, with a total length of about 50km, and controls the quaternary basins such as Zhenxi, Xinmin, and Yuexi. The topographic height difference between the fault’s two sides is about 2 000m. The middle section of the fault is the eastern boundary fault of the Yuexi Basin, which cuts through the piedmont alluvial fan, forming fault scarps several meters to tens of meters high. Together with the Puxiong fault on the east side, which is dominated by left laterally slipping, a positive flower-type structure is formed in the middle section of the Daliangshan fault zone. There are previous discoveries about fault scarps of the Yuexi fault on the piedmont alluvial fans, but no paleoseismic research has been reported up to now.

On the basis of remote sensing interpretation and field geological and geomorphological survey of the Yuexi fault, a big trench was excavated across the 12m-high fault scarp on the late quaternary alluvial fan in the Yuexi Basin, which revealed four paleoseismic events since the late quaternary and the coseismic vertical slip of the last one is ~1.2m. Based on trench analysis, 14 stratigraphic units are defined from which carbon samples are acquired for geochronological analysis. Through radioactive carbon dating and correction of the dating data by the OxCal software, and OxCal model building to limit the age of paleoearthquake events, the ages of the four events were 25260-23880BC, 23930-23500BC, 20980-1400BC, and 270-1500AD. According to historical records, a destructive earthquake occurred in Yuexi County on September 13, 1480AD, which triggered landslides, 7 earthquakes on that day, and more than 20 aftershocks as of the 27th, with a tremor range of 150km. We consider that the latest event should be the Yuexi earthquake in 1480AD according to the historical records of earthquake damages. Based on the paleoearthquake research, this event very likely led to a coseismic rupture of the Yuexi and the Puxiong faults. According to the empirical scaling laws between magnitude and rupture length, the magnitude of the surface ruptured paleoearthquake is estimated to be more than M7.0. The results provide basic data for evaluating seismic activity and analyzing seismic risk in this area.

Key words: the Daliangshan fault zone, the Yuexi fault, Late Quaternary, Paleoearthquake


越西断裂是青藏高原东缘大凉山断裂带中唯一一条以逆冲作用为主的分支断裂。该断裂控制了越西第四纪盆地, 断层2盘有2 000m的地形高差, 与其东侧以左旋走滑错动为主的普雄断裂构成了大凉山断裂带中段的正花状构造。前人发现了越西断裂在山前洪积扇上形成的断层陡坎, 但目前尚没有相关古地震的研究报道。文中在断错地貌调查的基础上, 通过槽探与放射性碳年代测定等方法揭露了越西断裂晚第四纪以来的4次古地震事件, 年代分别是25260-23880BC、23930-23500BC、20980-1400BC、1270-1500AD, 最新事件可能为1480年越西地震。根据普雄断裂已有的古地震研究结果分析, 这次历史地震可能导致越西断裂与普雄断裂同步破裂。

关键词: 大凉山断裂带, 越西断裂, 晚第四纪, 古地震

CLC Number: