SEISMOLOGY AND GEOLOGY ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (6): 1365-1383.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2022.06.002

• Research paper • Previous Articles     Next Articles


YANG Yuan-yuan1,2)(), LI Peng-fei1), LU Shuo1), SHU Peng1), PAN Hao-bo1), FANG Liang-hao1), ZHENG Hai-gang1,2), ZHAO Peng1), ZHENG Ying-ping1,2), YAO Da-quan1)   

  1. 1)Anhui Earthquake Agency, Hefei 230031, China
    2)Anhui Mengcheng National Geophysical Observatory, Bozhou 233527, China
  • Received:2022-01-04 Revised:2022-03-15 Online:2022-12-20 Published:2023-01-21


杨源源1,2)(), 李鹏飞1), 路硕1), 疏鹏1), 潘浩波1), 方良好1), 郑海刚1,2), 赵朋1), 郑颖平1,2), 姚大全1)   

  1. 1)安徽省地震局, 合肥 230031
    2)安徽蒙城地球物理国家野外科学观测研究站, 亳州 233527
  • 作者简介:杨源源, 男, 1988年生, 2013年于中国地震局地震预测研究所获构造地质学硕士学位, 高级工程师, 目前从事地震地质研究与震灾风险防治工作, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


The Anqiu-Juxian Fault(F5)in the middle part of Tanlu fault zone is the most important seismically active fault in eastern China. The Fault F5 is divided into the Anqiu-Juxian section, the Juxian-Tancheng section and the Xinyi-Sihong section, each of which is an independent rupture unit. There are no historical records about earthquakes with magnitude above 5 in the Xinyi-Sihong section, but it is revealed that there are Holocene paleoseismic events, so this section is a significant gap segment of surface rupture of historical earthquakes. In recent years, an important progress in the study of neotectonic activity of Xinyi-Sihong section of F5 is to find that it extends southward to the region between Huai River and Nüshan Lake in Anhui Province, with a length of about 20km. The fault spreads on the gentle slope on the edge of Cretaceous red sandstone uplift(hillock)along the line from Fushan to Ziyangshan, and the latest activity can date back to the early Holocene. At present, there is a clear understanding of the geometric distribution, structural characteristics and activity nature of the Huai River-Nüshan Lake section of F5(F5-HRNL), but the paleoseismic research is relatively weak, the revealed paleoseismic events are relatively sporadic, and the research results are from single trench, so there is a lack of comprehensive and comparative analysis from multiple trenches. In addition, the study on slip rate has not been carried out in this section, which affects the understanding of the overall activity level of the fault. Therefore, based on the previous work, paleoseismic research is carried out by excavating trenches in key locations, and more reliable paleoseismic events are determined through comprehensive comparative analysis of multiple trenches. The vertical slip rate of the fault is calculated by measuring the height of the fault scarp near the trench and combining with the dating data of relevant strata. Based on the paleoseismic research results of the F5-HRNL and combined with the data of other disciplines, the seismic risk of this fault section is analyzed. The results of this study enrich the understanding of the overall activity characteristics of F5 in the Tanlu fault zone in the Late Quaternary, and provide new data for medium- and long-term earthquake prediction in the border area of Jiangsu and Anhui Provinces.
In this study, a new trench was excavated at the foot of Fushan Mountain on the south bank of the Huai River, named Santangnan trench, for the special research on ancient earthquake events. The trench reveals that four paleoseismic events have occurred on F5, and the latest event occurred since the late Late Pleistocene, that is, since(15.7±2.0)ka BP, but the trench failed to constrain the age of each event. Based on the trenching work and combined with the previously published trench research data, the paleoseismic events in the F5-HRNL are further constrained by using the progressive constraining method. The results show that at least five paleoseismic events have occurred in the F5-HRNL since the late Middle Pleistocene. The first three events occurred in the late Middle Pleistocene to the late Late Pleistocene, all of which were thrust in nature and manifested as gently dipping thrust faults, reverse faulting colluvial wedges and structural wedges in the trench; the latest two events occurred since the late Late Pleistocene, both of which were extensional in nature and manifested as splitting wedges in the trench; the age of the latest two events are constrained at 20.36~(18.7±0.3)ka BP and 10.92~7.83ka BP respectively.
At present, the research on the slip rate of F5 mainly focuses on the horizontal slip rate on the Shandong Province section, where the water systems are relatively developed and the deformation is obvious. The vertical slip rate of the fault is rarely reported. Stable and continuous fault scarps are developed in local segments of the F5-HRNL, and trenches are excavated across the scarps, which provides support for the calculation of vertical slip rate of this section. Through UAV topographic mapping, a high-precision digital elevation model near the scarp is constructed, the topographic profile across the scarp is extracted, and the vertical displacement of the fault is discussed. Based on the results of Quaternary stratum dating and paleoseismic event analysis in the trench near the scarp, the starting time of vertical displacement of the scarp is determined. The calculation shows that the vertical slip rate of the F5-HRNL is about 0.05mm/a in the Ziyangshan area and about 0.07mm/a in the Doushan area, indicating that this fault section is weakly active as a whole.
The Sihong-Mingguang section of F5 is from the south of Chonggang Mountain in Sihong County, Jiangsu Province to the north of Nüshan Lake in Mingguang City, Anhui Province, with a total length of about 65km. The latest paleoseismic event revealed in this section is about 8 000 years ago. Based on the research results of paleoearthquakes and combined with the research data of other disciplines, it is considered that the F5 Sihong-Mingguang section is the surface rupture gap section of historical earthquakes, a long time has elapsed since the latest ancient earthquake, and the current small earthquakes are not active, the locking degree is high, and it is likely to accumulate stress, and there is a risk of strong earthquakes of magnitude 7 or above.

Key words: Tanlu fault zone, Fault F5, vertical slip rate, Holocene, paleoearthquake


郯庐断裂带中段安丘-莒县断裂(F5)为中国东部重要的地震活动断裂, 其最南段展布于淮河-女山湖之间, 长约20km, 最新活动时代为全新世早期。针对F5断裂淮河-女山湖段的前期工作侧重于在不同地段开挖探槽以揭示断裂的最新活动时代、 结构特征及运动性质, 并报道了零星的古地震事件。本次在该段选取关键地段开挖探槽并结合前期探槽资料, 开展了古地震事件的综合对比研究; 通过测量探槽附近断层陡坎的高度, 并结合相关地层测年数据, 计算了断裂的垂直滑动速率; 基于该段古地震研究成果, 结合其他学科资料, 分析了苏皖交界地区的地震危险性。研究表明: 1)F5断裂淮河-女山湖段中更新世晚期以来至少发生过5次古地震事件, 厘定的最近2次事件的年代为20.36~(18.7±0.3)ka BP和10.92~7.83ka BP; 2)F5断裂淮河-女山湖段紫阳山一带的垂直滑动速率约为0.05mm/a, 陡山一带的垂直滑动速率约为0.07mm/a, 该段整体属于弱活动断层; 3)F5断裂泗洪-明光段为历史地震地表破裂空段, 最近1次古地震的离逝时间较长, 现今小地震不活跃, 闭锁程度较高, 易于应力积累, 存在发生7级及以上强震的危险性。

关键词: 郯庐断裂带, F5断裂, 垂直滑动速率, 全新世, 古地震

CLC Number: