SEISMOLOGY AND GEOLOGY ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 378-394.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4967.2022.02.007

• Research paper • Previous Articles     Next Articles


WANG Liang(), JIAO Ming-ruo*(), QIAN Rui, ZHANG Bo, YANG Shi-chao, SHAO Yuan-yuan   

  1. Liaoning Earthquake Agency, Shenyang 110034, China
  • Received:2021-01-27 Revised:2021-06-01 Online:2022-04-20 Published:2022-06-14
  • Contact: JIAO Ming-ruo


王亮(), 焦明若*(), 钱蕊, 张博, 杨士超, 邵媛媛   

  1. 辽宁省地震局, 沈阳 110043
  • 通讯作者: 焦明若
  • 作者简介:王亮, 男, 1983年生, 2012年于中国科学技术大学获固体地球物理专业硕士学位, 高级工程师, 主要从事地震定位与地震成像研究, 电话: 18304007037, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


In recent years, the southern Liaoning Province is the main area of seismic activity in Liaoning Province, and the main geological structure units in this area include the Liaohe rift and Liaodong uplift in the east. As an important manifestation of modern tectonic activity, earthquakes are less distributed in Liaohe rift. Most of the seismic activities are concentrated in eastern Liaoning uplift area on the east side of Liaohe rift. The structure in this area is relatively complex. The revival of old faults during Quaternary is obvious, and there are more than 10 Quaternary faults. Among them, Haichenghe Fault and Jinzhou Fault are the faults with most earthquakes. The 1975 Haicheng MS7.3 earthquake occurred in the Haichenghe Fault and the 1999 Xiuyan MS5.4 earthquake occurred in the east of the fault.
In this paper, the seismic phase bulletins are used for earthquakes from August 1975 to December 2017 recorded by 67 regional seismic stations of Liaoning Province. These stations were transformed during the Tenth Five-year Plan period. Using the double-difference tomography and tomoDD program, we relocated the earthquakes and inversed the velocity structures of the southern Liaoning area.
In the study, grid method is used for model parameterization of seismic tomography, ART-PB is used for forward calculation, damped least square method is used in inversion, and checkerboard test is used for the solution evaluation. The theoretical travel time is forward calculated by taking the checkerboard velocity model of imaging meshing and plus or minus 5% of anomaly as the theoretical model. The checkerboard test results show that the checkerboard P-wave velocity model at the depths of 4km, 13km, 24km and 35km in the study area can be restored completely, and most areas at the depth of 33km can also be restored completely.
We calculated and got the relocations of almost all of the earthquakes in southern Liaoning area and obtained a better distribution of P wave velocities at the depth of 4km, 13km, 24km and 33km. The results show that earthquakes mainly concentrated in two areas: the Haicheng aftershock area and the Gaizhou earthquake swarm activity area. The distribution of seismicity in this area is obvious in NW direction.
The result of P-wave tomography in 4km depth indicates the consistent characteristics of shallow velocity structure with the surface geological structure in southern Liaoning Province area. The two sides of the Tanlu fault zone are characterized by different velocity structures. The high and low velocity discontinuities are located in the Tan Lu fault zone, which is in good agreement with the geological structure of the region. In Haichenghe Fault in the Haicheng aftershock area, there are high-velocity zone in the shallow layer and low-velocity zone in the depth of 4~12km, and the low-velocity zone intrudes and deepens eastward. The Xiuyan earthquake with MS5.4 in 1999 occurred on the boundary section of high and low velocity zones. At the same time, there is a gap between Xiuyan and Haicheng sequences, which is located at the junction of high and low velocities, and there is a significant low-velocity zone underground in the region. From the perspective of mechanism of the seismogenic model, this velocity structure model may generate large earthquakes.

There are high-velocity zones at the ends of different segments of Jinzhou Fault, and the Gaizhou earthquake swarm occurred in the high-velocity area at the end of the fault. It is speculated that the activity of the Gaizhou earthquake swarm may be caused by the rise of water saturation in rocks due to the intrusion of liquid under the condition of stress accumulation.

Key words: double difference seismic imaging, earthquake relocation, velocity structure, Haicheng aftershock area, Gaizhou earthquake swarm


文中利用辽宁地区“十五”改造前后共67个区域地震台记录的1975年8月—2017年12月期间的地震震相观测报告, 通过双差地震成像的方法, 采用tomoDD软件对辽南地区进行了地震重新定位及速度结构反演。通过计算得到了辽南地区记录大部分地震的重新定位结果和4km、 13km、 24km、 33km几个深度上较好的P波速度结果。重新定位结果显示, 海城余震区和盖州震群活动区域作为辽南地区主要的地震活动区域, 其地震活动具有明显的NW向展布特征。P波层析成像结果则反映了辽南地区浅部速度结构与地质构造较为一致的特点。海城余震区所处的海城河断裂在浅层存在高速体, 在4~12km深度存在低速体, 且低速体向E不断加深侵入。金州断裂不同分段的端部存在高速体, 其断裂端部的盖州震群发生在高速体区域, 推测盖州震群的活动可能是在应力积累的条件下受到液体侵入而使岩石的含水饱和率上升所致。

关键词: 双差地震成像, 重新定位, 速度结构, 海城余震区, 盖州震群

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